One of Lyxor’s key calls in our Q2 outlook was that the road ahead may not be as smooth as it has been for US assets. For all that, economic growth still looks firm – consumption remains the strongest driver, backed by continued consumer optimism and substantial wage gains. The current expansionary phase will soon become the joint second-longest in the country’s history. Should it endure to next spring, it would be the longest ever. At the moment, however, it is showing signs of wear and tear.
Inflation is on the rise, so real consumption is outstripping income. The household savings rate has halved over the last couple of years, while rising delinquency rates for auto loans suggest early signs of consumer stress. Slower job growth and lower rates of savings mean the recent tax cuts could be crucial – without them Trump’s bid to keep growth on trend may be doomed to failure. The question is whether they have gone far enough.
Fiscal push or fiscal nudge?
Tax reforms in the US included a new corporate tax rate of 21%, the repeal of the corporate alternative minimum tax, and full expensing of equipment for the next five years. The recent budget deal added further stimulus through federal spending. The amount likely to be injected into the US economy should exceed 1% of GDP each year. Yet, at this late stage of the cycle, the scale of the measures may not be entirely reflected in real activity. Overall, the fiscal push should add around 0.5% to growth this year – meaning a rate of around 2.75% by year end.
Whatever its real effects, it’s still an unprecedentedly large package at such a late stage of the cycle, and there’s no doubt it will spur on inflation in our view. A tight labour market should push wage inflation past the 3% mark within months. This wave will eventually wash through inflation prints to the benefit of US breakevens.
Equities are often viewed as being capable of hedging inflation – which has proven true, especially over longer timeframes and periods of moderate inflation. The view doesn’t always stand up to scrutiny over shorter periods of time however, especially when inflation is at extreme levels. In fact, our analysis shows equities do not outperform in these conditions.
Should investors dig deeper, they may find equity sectors like gold miners, oil, materials, and financials, along with factors like value and yield are more correlated to inflation expectations and CPI, and therefore more capable of riding the rise. Be wary, however, of their utilities, telecoms, and consumer staples counterparts.
5-year Correlations: Equity sectors and inflation expectations
The fear of four
The exceptional conditions that have artificially suppressed yields since the Global Financial Crisis should continue to fade. We’ve long expected at least three rate hikes from the Fed in 2018, and now believe the possibility of four 25 basis point hikes is much greater than it was. Tighter policy normalisation cannot be ruled out. We suspect 10-year Treasury yields will push some way past 3%, so we are underweight over the long term. Shorter-term however, they retain their safe haven appeal should risk aversion spike.
How far from here?
The firmer wage growth at this late stage of the expansion is likely to dent corporate profitability. Margins could compress by about 0.5% per year, although the positive effects of tax reform will help to mitigate this to some degree. All told we expect solid earnings-per-share growth of around 9% this year but rather more sedate results next year as the cycle totters into its dotage. There may therefore only be limited upside for the mainstream indices like the S&P 500 Index from here – only products offering the lowest cost access, or the very best performance, may merit consideration.
Trading insults, rather than ideas
Greater consumer spending may encourage more imports as US capacity constraints bite. Any widening of the trade deficit could add further political pressure to Trump’s tightwire trade agenda. The heady rhetoric and bouts of brinkmanship seem more negotiating tactics than they are a declaration of trade war or a U-turn on globalisation, not least because of looming mid-term elections. In our view, Trump won’t risk blowing up a bull market – one of few feelgood factors at his disposal – at such a time.
We still expect US equities to outperform bonds in Q2, albeit by a lesser margin than before. That said, the President’s taste for battle may rattle some of the country’s more risk-averse trading partners. Expect outward-looking international firms to suffer more than their domestic-focused counterparts. As a result, we’re neutral on the outlook for the broader indices and our preference is to invest in certain themes, like favouring growth over value, and sectors. Take capex, for example. Tax reform should help accelerate spending on non-residential investments and in technology, a sector representing 30% of current capex and around 35% of the S&P 500 Growth Index. Despite all the talk of a new tech bubble, valuations look merely stretched in places rather than speculative or bubbly.
Our one value-based call remains banks because of the sector’s cyclicality. Commercial and industrial loans look likely to rebound, which will boost profitability. Higher inflation expectations also tend to translate into better prospects. The Fed’s continued willingness to simplify regulation is the last of a powerful trio of clearly positive catalysts.
In fixed income, away from our views on breakevens and treasuries, we’ve yet to really touch on credit. In our view, the picture is fairly bleak – especially for high yield because valuations appear high and the sector appears to be pricing in a growth rate far in excess of what’s likely to eventuate in 2018. Leverage levels and inherent illiquidity are also a concern.
Why choose Lyxor for US assets?
Whatever you’re seeking to do in your US-related portfolio, we believe we can help. We offer 15+ routes to the market including Europe’s lowest-cost Core US equity ETF at just 0.04%, as well as the best-performing S&P 500 ETF your money can buy. So, if the upside is limited, you get to make the most of the opportunity. You can also generate income with the cheapest quality income ETF on the European market or take out some insurance against the possibility of renewed volatility with our minimum variance product – which has reduced risk by nearly 18% since its inception. It’s also the most diverse of its kind.
We’re not just equity experts though. We also offer the cheapest US Treasuries, US corporate bond and US HY bond ETFs on the market – among them some of the best-performing and most efficient you’ll find. You’ll also be able to adjust to the changing inflation picture with our US TIPS ETF and our unique US inflation expectations product.*
All data & opinion: Lyxor Cross Asset Research & Equity ETF teams, as at 11 April 2018 unless otherwise stated. Past performance is no guarantee of future returns. * All product data as at 31 January 2018 unless otherwise stated. All efficiency data is based on the efficiency indicator created by Lyxor’s ETF Research department in 2013. It examines 3 components of performance: tracking error, liquidity and spread purchase/sale. Each peer group includes the relevant Lyxor ETF share-class and the 4 largest ETF share-classes issued by other providers, representing market-share of at least 5% on the relative index. ETF sizes are considered as an average of AUM levels observed over the relevant time period. Detailed methodology may be found in the paper ‘Measuring Performance of Exchange Traded Funds’ by Marlène Hassine and Thierry Roncalli. Statements refer to European ETF market.
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